Human milk lipids – what do we know? with Dr. Johann Demmelmair 18:00 CET on Tues, Nov 3rdFat occurs in human milk as milk fat globules and provides about 50% of human milk energy. Although more than 200 fatty acids have been identified in human milk, there are only a limited number of fatty acids with quantitative relevance, but these form a huge number of different lipids. Non polar triglycerides, which contribute more than 98% -wt/wt to the fat, form the core of the milk fat globules. Specific for milk fat is a relatively high content of short and medium chain fatty acids with up to 14 carbon atoms and a strong enrichment of palmitic acid at the sn-2 position. Both factors enhance fat digestibility. Of importance is the content of the essential fatty acids and their long chain polyunsaturated derivatives. They are mainly provided by triglycerides, although their relative percentage may be higher in certain more polar milk lipid fractions. The polar lipids in milk include glycerophospholipids, sphingolipids, and cholesterol. Quantitatively they are all minor components, but their importance for the development of the infant digestive tract, immune system and cognition has started to be recognized in recent years.
The International Conference of Human Milk Science and Innovation (ICHMSI) is currently accepting applications for the Ruth A. Lawrence Investigator Award for Research in Human Milk Science. The award was created to encourage trainees and early career researchers to pursue original research in the area of human milk science and breastfeeding medicine, and to support to the advancement of emerging researchers in this vital area of science. The annual award was established by the ICHMSI in 2016 in honor of Ruth A. Lawrence, MD, a pioneer in the field of human lactation and breast milk. Dr. Lawrence is among the first to champion the benefits of human milk and breastfeeding as optimal for infant health and wellbeing. The award winner will receive $10,000 plus travel expenses, and an invitation to present his or her research at the 6th Annual ICHMSI on September 5-7, 2018.Please review the guidelines for eligibility at http://humanmilkscience.org/award. The deadline for receipt of nomination is June 15, 2018.